Bashar al-Assad

Syria’s President Speaks: An Interview with Bashar al-Assad

Foreign Affairs,
March 1, 2015
The civil war in Syria will soon enter its fifth year, with no end in sight. On January 20, Foreign Affairs managing editor Jonathan Tepperman met with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad in Damascus to discuss the conflict in an exclusive interview. I would like to start by asking you about the war. It has now...
The Mission for Manila by Jonathan Tepperman

The Mission for Manila: A Conversation With Benigno Aquino III

Foreign Affairs,
November 1, 2014
In the last four years, Benigno Aquino III — generally known by his nickname Noynoy — has turned the Philippines from one of Asia’s underperformers into one of its economic stars. Aquino is a scion of the Philippines’ most beloved political dynasty; his father, the opposition leader Benigno Aquino, Jr., was assassinated by President Ferdinand...
Opening Indonesia by Jonathan Tepperman

Opening Indonesia: An Interview with President Joko Widodo

Foreign Affairs,
November 1, 2014
On July 9, nearly 135 million Indonesians went to some 480,000 polling stations and picked a new president — just the third to be directly elected in the country’s history. (Indonesia overthrew its longtime dictator, Suharto, in 1998, but his initial successors were chosen by the legislature.) Their choice: Joko Widodo, known universally as Jokowi....
A Hard Education by Gideon Rose and Jonathan Rose

A Hard Education: Learning from Afghanistan and Iraq

Foreign Affairs,
November 1, 2014
After 13 years of war, the loss of many thousands of lives, and the expenditure of trillions of dollars, what has the United States learned? The answer depends on not only who is asking but when. The story of the Iraq war would have different endings, and morals, if told in 2003, 2006, 2011, or...
Dysfunction Junction by Jonathan Tepperman

Dysfunction Junction: Trouble on the Homefront

Foreign Affairs,
September 1, 2014
American politics today are marked by dysfunction, discontent, and ideological churn on both sides of the aisle. Since the distraction and paralysis of the world’s hegemon has such obvious global significance, we decided to turn our focus inward, exploring the sources and contours of the American malaise. Francis Fukuyama kicks off our special package with...

Civil and Uncivil Wars: Memories of a Greek Childhood, 1936–1950

Foreign Affairs,
September 1, 2014
In the past few years, Greece has gone from being the protest-wracked poster child for European dysfunction to one of Europe’s most promising reformers. Dramatic as the turnaround has been, it pales in comparison to Greece’s experience during the first half of the last century, when it suffered through two Balkan wars, numerous skirmishes with...
Kagame_Interview1.jpg

Rebooting Rwanda: A Conversation With Paul Kagame

Foreign Affairs,
May 1, 2014
On April 6, 1994, a plane carrying Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana was shot down by unidentified assailants. The next day, the killings began. Over the next three months, as the international community stood by, an estimated one million Rwandans—Tutsis and moderate Hutus—were systematically slaughtered by Hutu extremists, mostly using clubs and machetes. The genocide, one...
Rose_PowertoThe

Power to the People: What Will Fuel the Future?

Foreign Affairs,
May 1, 2014
When we started putting together a package on the rap­idly evolving future of energy, our first thought was to survey exciting innovations across the sector. But the closer we looked, the more we realized that one big thing — shale — loomed above the rest. So we decided the occasion called for hedgehogs rather than...
Kagame_Interview1.jpg

Progress, Rwandan Style

Los Angeles Times,
April 6, 2014
KIGALI, Rwanda — Twenty years ago Monday, the state of Rwanda set about trying to hack itself out of existence. Starting on April 7, 1994, Hutu extremists, in a premeditated 100-day campaign, systematically butchered close to 1 million Tutsis — three-quarters of all those in the country — as well as moderate Hutus, driving countless...